The Store Manager Import Wizard will greatly facilitate the updating of your Store database, via a simplified, and efficient set of routines and applications.
Pay careful attention to each Wizard's page, to ensure correct importation of products into Magento. Magento import, depending upon the extent and number of operations to be performed, can be a rather complicated procedure. It may also be
destructive, if performed incorrectly. Be sure to create a database backup before
importing products, especially if this is the first time that you are performing this task.
Firstly, it is necessary to prepare a file in either CSV, XML, XLS, XLSX, or ODS format, for successful importation into Magento. Make sure that all necessary fields and data that you are planning to import, are listed in the table, or file. The allowed list of fields that your file may
include, along with detailed descriptions, follows:
SKU - is a field in Magento that is required for all products. It is composed of a
standard, alphanumeric string, that uniquely identifies the product, and is typically assigned by the Manufacturer, although you may create, and assign your own. It is a standard procedure that is accepted, and used internationally. You should be able to obtain this standard code
for all your products, if not already included, by requesting it from your Supplier. This identifying field must be distinct from all other values within the database, and may be used for uniquely identifying products during a Magento import session. Refer to step 6, for further information pertaining to product identification.
Product ID - is a field that is used internally within the database table. It should be of numeric type only, and must also constitute a unique value within the context of the table. Its value is assigned automatically by the system (shopping cart) and will not be imported from the source file, and must not be changed by the user (other database tables may contain references to this field, pointing to a specific product, or products).
Price - represents the cost of the product, at retail (or that paid by the end user), before applicable taxes, or shipping charges, are applied.
It should not contain any rebates, coupons, or bulk discounts. Prices should
be whole numbers, with a maximum of two decimal places. Price fields are
numeric; no text is permitted. Also, it must not include the “$” symbol, or any other symbols.
Status - valid values for this field are limited to ' 1 ', or ' 0 '. It designates the product's availability. For example, a value of ' 1 ' means the product is in stock, and available. Contrariwise, a ' 0' value indicates the product is not available for purchase, and it will not be displayed
in your Store. If you don ot provide a value for this column, your products will not successfully update. Products that are not listed in your new (or revised) .csv file can automatically be set as "Out of Stock", by enabling the appropriate option, in the last step of the Magento import process.To set the
value as in stock for all products specify a value of ' 1 ' for first
product in your file, and spread it for all products.
Quantity - the product's available quantity is specified within this column's value field. If you specify a ' 0 ' value, or
leave the field blank, the product will be displayed in your Store's front end as 'Out of stock'.
Category - allows you to easily specify the category into which your
product should be placed, during import. If the product should be imported into a subcategory, use the pipe ( ' | ' ) character, as a separation delimiter between the parent, and any subsequent subcategories. As an example, 'Computers|Keyboards' designates that the
product will be assigned to the 'Keyboards' subcategory, within the 'Computers' parent category.
you need to assign the same product to multiple categories, use a 'double delimiter' (typing the ' | ' character twice, in succession), in your .csv file. For example: "Computers|Keyboards||Computers|Other" (notice the double 'delimiter' between 'Keyboards and 'Computers') specifies that the product will be assigned both to 'Keyboards', and also to the ''Other' subcategory, under the 'Computers' parent category, during the import process..
The Pipe is used as a category delimiter. The Category
delimiter character should
be specified in the 5th step of the import procedure. It is used to separate category
names and specify the full category tree path for a given category. The Category path is very similar to the directory path, and is used to
specify full file name in Windows, where every directory separated by
backslash (\) character, like in the following example:
C:\Program Files\eMagicOne\Store Manager for ...\
If your supplier provides a source file that has categories in separate columns, they can be merged into an appropriate, importable format
using the Expressions field, or you can manually merge them using Microsoft Excel. Perform the following steps to merge categories using the Expressions field (it is
recommended that this method be used with Automated Product Import for Magento):
1). In the Import Wizard's fifth step, 'Assign .csv Columns to Database Fields', find the 'Category Name' field
the following expressions for this field:
'|', [CSV_COL(2)], '|' , ... , [CSV_COL(N)])
[CSV_COL(N)] references a column name within the .csv file, and ' N ' specifies the column number, or sort order.
'|' - specifies the category delimiter (which was chosen in the previous step)
the Magento Import, checking that the categories were correctly allocated.
To merge category
columns using Microsoft Excel, use
the following formula:
| - is the category delimiter
- is the parent category column in the file, and
C2 - is the sub category column in file.
Media Gallery - The Media Gallery facilitates the importing of your product's images. You may upload
pictures from your local computer, or from external web URLs. Note
that prior to importing images (if it has not already been done), an FTP connection has to be set up, and properly configured. Check the following articles, how to upload images from local pc and how to upload images if you have external image URLs for assistance, if necessary.
If the vendor provides a product list in Microsoft Excel format, it can be converted into .CSV format, using Excel, OpenOffice, or an equivalent application, using the 'Save As' option. Specifically, choosing 'File -> Save As', will offer a dialog box
that specifies a list of alternative file formats. Among the file
extensions offered, 'Text CSV' will be listed among the format choices. Saving the file into .CSV format will export the
first active worksheet with correctly specified delimiters.
* To automatically schedule synchronization of your Magento products with those of your supplier, take a look at our Automated Product Import addon.
For information regarding product importation, and other limits in Store Manager for Magento, Click here.
To begin the Magento Import Products process, click on the 'Import/Export Products' button, which starts the Import/Export Wizard.
Select 'Import', and click 'Next' ( > ), to continue.
3. Enter the name of the file to be imported, or use the browse button to select it via navigation.
*Note: You may select 'Load Settings', to recall a previously saved configuration.
To import an .xml file, select the 'Import/Export Wizard', and perform the following steps:
1) Transform the source .xml data, and output a .csv formatted file, by manually linking the XML nodes to CSV columns, or perform automatic conversion by pressing the 'Link Automatically' button.
2) Instantiate the .csv file import process:
After launching the 'Import/Export Wizard', the source file preview dialog shows the part of the .csv file that was selected for import.
There are no options to set, but you should carefully review the contents of this
It is particularly important to verify that the field delimiter(s) and quote character(s), if used, are accurately specified.
If you carefully check the first line of the example, you'll notice that some words are enclosed in quotes ("), and are separated by a semicolon (;)
symbol. These are important options you must pay particular attention to, as you will have to specify/configure these settings on the next page. Usually it is sufficient to review the first line, and it is not necessary to investigate the entire file. You may also enable and set the beginning point (row #) from which you want to start the import.process.
The fields delimiter, and quote character selection page contains very important settings. If you specify wrong values here, the Magento import may not work correctly, or even not at all.
The Delimiter character specifies the delimiter to be used to
separate values (columns) in the .csv file. The most popular delimiters are
comma (,), semicolon (;) and the tab character ( ), although other symbols may be used, as well. The prior sample dialog designated the comma
symbol as the delimiter, and values were quoted with the ' symbol. As a suggestion, you may specify your settings as displayed above.
Note: The .csv file contains data in row -column format, and
delimiter characters are used to separate the column values. If an incorrect delimiter is specified, the file will not be parsed properly, and the import of products will not be performed.
The 'Image Gallery delimiter character' designates the character that will be used to separate images, during import into the Image Gallery.
The 'Category delimiter character' is not a native .csv setting, and it
is used only in, and by, the Store Manager application. Categories are organized in a
form of tree, where a 'Parent' category may contain one, or more
subcategories, and each sub, or 'Child' category may contain one, or more, other
categories. Category delimiter character is used to separate category
names and specify full category tree path for given category.Please refer to 'Step 1 - category column', for an example. The Category
path is very similar to the directory path used to specify a fully qualified file name in
Windows, in which the directories are separated by a backslash (\) character, ie... 'C:\Program Files\eMagicOne\Store Manager for Magento\'.
A further example of a category path for 'Sample Subcategory' is illustrated in the image
below, for the 'Hardware|Graphics Cards\Sample Subcategory\'.. The Pipe (|)
character is used as a separator.
Import files - allows you to upload files for downloadable products, via FTP. (Please note
that in order to import files you will have to set-up a proper FTP connection).
Local directory with files - indicates the directory on your PC which contains the files that you intend to upload.
Clear Image Gallery - if this option is checked, images for Imported products will be deleted (only the Image's paths).
Delete Images from FTP - if this option is checked, images for the Imported products will actually be erased, after the FTP process is completed.
Import images - Enable this option, in order to upload images to
you server, via ftp. Be sure that you have previously specified correct FTP
details on the Tools -> Preferences -> FTP tab. The following caveats should be noted:
- If this option is checked during import, all images selected in the import configuration file will be uploaded to the FTP server, and subsequently imported into your Store database, and stored in the relative path specified by your settings (ie... 'image_gallery/images/test.jpg')
- If this option is selected, but the image(s) indicated is not accessible, the picture(s) will not be uploaded. The file reference designated, and the image record path specified, will be displayed in the image's place, within the database record, e.g. 'test.jpg'
- If this option is not checked, the images will not be uploaded, but their path, and filename, will be recorded and displayed within the updated database record, ie ... 'image_gallery/images/test.jpg'.
Generate new file name and upload as new image if image with current name already exists - if an image in the .csv file has the same name as an already existing image, it will not replace the existing image, but the image to be copied will be saved under a modified name.
Local directory with images - specifies the folder on the local PC which contains the images to be uploaded. Note that the images' names should be specified in the .csv file, being sure that when the columns containing the images' names are assigned, that the correct column structure is maintained, relative to the target database (see step 7).
Resize rule - allows you to resize the Images during the Import process.
During import, take into account the current category, in which the imported product is located. As an example, the product 'Funnel neck', in the file to import, is specified only in one category - 'Women', but in the target Store database it has previously been assigned to multiple categories.
If it is desired to update the target database, additionally assigning the category 'Women', be sure to check 'Keep current categories association (s)', which allows the product to be saved in the additional category(ies), without changes to the existing category structure.
The remaining option, within this step of the import process, 'Use ID as category path', allows the assigning of products to a category(ies), specified by the identifier, without indication of the category path.
2. Select Store View.
3. The next step allows for the Linking of columns from the .csv file, to appropriate, relative, database fields.
Link columns from .csv file to appropriate database fields. The left pane "Database Fields" shows the list of fields in your database that can receive Magento import data.
The topmost option on this page is First row in .csv file
contains field names but not values. Obviously it should be checked if
first row of .csv file contains data, otherwise uncheck this option.
Next option is Identify products by. Magento import products
Wizard will search for a product using selected method of
identification. The product will be modified if found, if not - new
product will be added.
Source .csv file can contain multiple records with identical Name
values. All these products will be considered as one - currently
imported product will overwrite previously imported with the same key
field values. Note that sometimes one of key fields may be blank.
Obviously blank fields contain the same value for all records. It is
required to assign .csv columns to key fields.
"Database Fields" shows the list of fields in your database that can receive Magento import data. It contains such columns:
- sort order - the order in which fields are listed.
- fields - that can be updated via import
- csv col - the number of the column in .csv file corresponding to this field - the link between database field and .csv column.
- expression - special formula that allows to add missing information or change present data on the basis of some logical rules that can be applied to indicated in the file values.
To assign .csv column to database field you should select a field at the left pane and then click a column at the right pane.
[Auto link all] button - try to set correspondence automatically
for all fields. Auto fill option will work only if .csv column name is
the same as database field name ("translated").
[Unlink all] button - unlink all "csv col" values at the left pane
Click "Next" if you're done.
Store Manager requires a specific formatting for product attributes. You are welcome to export a few products with attributes and you'll see the format. Also you can see an example below. Please note, that you can use Excel to merge your attributes in case you have them in separate columns. You're welcome to contact your administrator for help or ask Google for help.
Also you can import attributes from separate columns of .csv file. Please, note that it is convenient to use if you are updating products from supplier .csv file. In case you are importing products from one store to another one, you can use default system of attributes import, where attributes specified for each products in separate row, not in columns.
To import attributes from separate columns you should create additional attribute field for each attribute. Once it is created, you will get 4 additional options: Option, Value, Prefix, Price. You need to assign attribute value, prefix and price for each attribute column of your file to appropriate attribute options of database in each additional field.
The next Import 4. Wizard page includes Base Formats and separators. They can be set by default.
5. Products were not imported to your database yet. On Magento Import
Preview page you can see how .csv file was processed using Magento
product import settings, which you specified at previous steps. Check
whether all columns that you want to be imported are filled with data:
some of them may be blank. This means that either you haven't assigned
.csv column or it is empty in source (.csv) file. Columns that were not
assigned will not be imported whereas empty values will overwrite
Red blinking arrow will be shown to draw your attention if any errors occurred. If data are assigned correctly, then this arrow will be missed at the bottom of the window.
6. Import options page settings may affect Magento Import results. Please read and check your selection carefully.
Default category. If category name is specified in .csv
file and column is assigned to database field, Store Manager will create
entire category tree for a product. If there's no "category name"
column (in .csv) or it is not assigned, all products will be imported to
a category specified as Default. If default category is not specified
and there's no other way to determine which category products should be
imported into, program will create "Default category" and place all new
Default manufacturer is set almost the same as for
category, except that product may not have manufacturer at all - it is
not important. Also you can uncheck option in case you do not want to
create new manufacturer if currently imported does not exist in
Delete existing attributes when importing new - if
checked, Magento import will clear all current product attributes and then add
new. If unchecked it will just add new - this may cause duplicate
Mark unlisted products as "Out of Stock" (in Magento this
is "In Stock" property of a product) - all products that were not
affected by Magento import will be marked as unavailable, but will not be
Cache import data - this option may speedup Magento import process. How does it work?
Store Manager does huge number of database operations while
importing products. There are many tables affected by Magento import and lot
data should be processed. With slow database connection it may take too
long - several hours or even days - depending on number of records and
connection speed. If cache option is checked, Store Manager will
generate database backup file - the same as you can do using
Backup/Restore wizard with "Product related tables only" option. After
the backup is generated, program restores this backup on local database.
All further import operations will be made locally, much faster than
through remote connection. After Magento import is completed it will generate
another backup - from local database and then restore this backup on
your remote store.
With "Cache import data" option Magento import procedure will show several
backup/restore progress dialog - this is normal behavior.
Note: Cache import data option ignored when currently connected to Embedded database.
Add and Modify - will add new product if it is not available in database yet and modify those products that were found
Add Only - only add new products
Modify Only - only update existing products and do not add new entries, even if current product was not found
Just Add - this option may produce product duplicates, since Store
Manager will not try to find existing products but will only add all
products as new
Save Import Configuration
All import settings can be stored under some configuration. You can
load it next time you decide to import products to Magento from a file
with similar formatting, column names etc.
Also you can shutdown computer after Magento import is complete.
Attention! Magento Import process will start, when you press
"Import" Button! Proceed only if all settings are made, otherwise press
"Back" Button and check settings once more!
7. In the last window of Magento Import Products Wizard there will be shown if any errors occurred during import process.
Most frequent Magento import errors are date, time and number conversion
issues, caused by invalid format settings (specified at previous pages)
or improperly assigned column (i.e. if you assign column containing
category ID to parent_category database field). Date/time conversion
errors might be ignored whereas other errors like this one (Could not
find image: image_name.gif) has to be fixed.
In case you cannot see your products in Magento after import, please check related article:
I cannot find / see new products on my Magento store / admin. What should I check?
Also here you can check related articles on Magento Import:
Magento Import: Fast, Cheap, High-Quality. Choose Any Two Options
How Many Products it is Possible to Import to Magento? Will it Work for a Million of Products?
7 Advantages of Import via Store Manager over Magento Admin Import
How to Import Products Avoiding Data Loss
Easy Import with Store Manager for Magento
How to Import Custom Options
Import Custom Options Easily
What is Magento Configurable Product and how to Import Magento Configurable Products?
Take Advantage of .xml Import with Store Manager for Magento
What is Expression? How to Use It Performing Magento Import?
How to Input Missing Data and Modify Existing On-The-Fly by Means of Expressions in the Process of Magento Import
Magento Import of Products Lasts Forever? A Few Tips to Speed It Up
Case Study: Magento Product Updates Run Slowly? Turn on the Speed!
How To Setup A Cron Job In Magento to Schedule Products Import
Magento Import: A Few Facts to Blow Your Mind
By eMagicOne Inc.